Category First aid

Tick ​​bite
First aid

Tick ​​bite

It can cause Lyme disease. This is manifested by a local abscess, a fever, an enlargement of the ganglions, followed a few weeks later by an immense fatigue and articular pains. If your child is stung, gently remove the insect with its rostrum, using a tick hook or a tweezers.

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First aid

Plant poisoning

Indoor plants (ficus, dieffenbachia ...) or outdoor (honeysuckle, lily of the valley ...) can be very toxic. If swallowed, contact your local Poison Control Center or SAMU (15). Above all, do not make your child vomit. Toxic plants in detail To discover:
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First aid

Haemorrhage

If the injury is slight, press it with a finger for a few minutes, disinfect and apply a bandage. If there is a deep wound, quickly remove all surface debris, put a tampon, tissue or bandage, and press hard for a good five minutes. Consult the nearest emergency service.
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First aid

Poisoning by household products

Among the most harmful, we find concentrated bleach, soda, solvents. The throat of the child as its digestive tract can be burned by ingestion of a caustic product. Notify rescue immediately. Do not give your child anything to drink, not even milk. Remember to keep the product packaging.
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First aid

Drug poisoning

A few moments of inattention are enough for a child to swallow a drug that is not intended for him. Call the Poison Control Center or SAMU (15) immediately for instructions. Indicate the product concerned, the quantity swallowed, the symptoms and the weight of your child.
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First aid

Hematoma

The most effective treatment is to apply very cold water or to wrap ice cubes in a clean cloth and put it on the bump for a few minutes. Then apply a decongestant ointment by massaging so that the product penetrates better. To facilitate the resorption of the hump, you can use homeopathic granules (arnica).
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First aid

Hypothermia

Many circumstances can cause a small drop in temperature to 36.5 ° C or 36 ° C (fatigue, cold, taking antipyretics ...). During mild hypothermia, the child is shivering. His skin is cold and the ends of his limbs cyanotic. In this case, simply warm it up by covering it with warm clothes and give it hot drinks.
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First aid

Smothering

It is the leading cause of accidental death in children under 5 years old. If it is an infant, try Mofenson's maneuver, if the child is over 1 year old, practice the Heimlich maneuver. See the gestures To discover:
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First aid

Chilblain

Red plaque that forms in response to cold and moisture, causing itching. Frostbite is usually located on the ankles, hands and feet and on the back of the legs. They disappear in two or three weeks without medical treatment. To avoid them, choose loose clothes and do not neglect the protections during the winter (warm socks and gloves).
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First aid

Scratch

Unlike a cut, the skin is not open. She just rubbed a surface or an object, which slightly oozes the blood vessels. Soap, rinse and apply an antiseptic. Placing a bandage relieves pain. To discover :
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First aid

Electrocution

Set of injuries following an electric shock. If your child is still in contact with the power source, it is essential to turn off the power before touching it. If you do not hear the heartbeat, immediately have a heart massage and mouth to mouth.
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First aid

Pinched finger

In the absence of wound, and if the area is a little red, put your finger under cold water for a good ten minutes. This calms the pain and prevents the formation of a hematoma. On the other hand, if the finger swells and the nail becomes blue, consult a doctor to check for the presence or absence of a fracture.
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First aid

Splinter

If the splinter is accessible, try removing it with tweezers. If it has broken inside the skin, clean by soaking your hand or foot in a Dakin solution several times a day. If the injured area becomes red and painful, consult your doctor. To discover :
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First aid

Cut

Plain and clean wound that cuts the skin. Two actions are essential: clean the damaged area with an antiseptic and remove all foreign objects (pieces of shells, glass ...). Once the wound is clean, you can put a dressing, to change every day, monitoring the progress of healing.
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First aid

Heatstroke

Temperature regulation does not yet work perfectly in the infant, any rise in the outside temperature can cause fever. So be careful not to leave a baby in an overheated atmosphere. A child suffering from heat stroke becomes sleepy, depressed or otherwise agitated, irritable.
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First aid

Pain

If your child is required to have an infusion or stitches, he or she should be able to benefit from the application of anesthetic cream (EMLA) and the inhalation of a mixture of oxygen and nitrous oxide (MEOPA ). Parents to inquire about the means proposed by the institution to which they are addressed.
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First aid

Foreign bodies (ingestion of)

A coin, a ball can be inadvertently introduced into your child's body. Most often, it will be safely evacuated in the stool one to four days later. If the object gets stuck in the trachea, try the unclogging maneuvers (see Heimlich maneuver) or call the UMA immediately (15).
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First aid

Burn

In the case of a small burn, place the burned area under cold water for at least ten minutes. If a simple erythema occurs, apply a healing cream (Biafine type) in a thick layer. On the other hand, if blisters appear, do not touch anything and consult quickly. Clothing should be removed immediately unless it is synthetic and adhere to the skin.
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First aid

Tooth (loss of one)

Wash the tooth in your saliva or your child's saliva and then quickly put it in its original hole (only if it is a definitive tooth). Consult a dentist as soon as possible. Rapid reimplantation, ie within half an hour, can increase the chances of survival of the tooth.
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First aid

Dehydration

It is characterized by a large and rapid weight loss. The child's eyes are dug and his skin, when pinched, has lost its elasticity. The causes of dehydration can be either a decrease in water intake, or an increase in losses (diarrhea, heat stroke, vomiting).
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First aid

Fall

During the first years of life, falls are among the most common accidents, especially when learning to walk. The disturbing signs are vomiting, bleeding from the nose or ear, the impossibility of moving a limb. In the event of a fall on the head, surveillance is required for the next twenty-four hours.
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